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Who Is Great Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi

Sultan Saladin, also known as Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi, was a prominent figure in Islamic history who rose to prominence in the late 12th century. He is widely regarded as a hero and a symbol of Islamic unity and strength, particularly in the Arab world. Saladin was born in Tikrit, Iraq, in 1137, and he spent most of his life fighting for the cause of Islam, particularly against the Crusaders who were occupying Palestine and Jerusalem.

Early Life and Education

Saladin was born into a Kurdish family, which was a prominent political and military force in the region at the time. His father, Najm al-Din Ayyub, was the governor of Tikrit and later became the governor of Mosul, a major city in northern Iraq. Saladin was the youngest of four brothers, and he grew up in a family that was well-educated and wealthy.

As a young boy, Saladin showed a keen interest in religion and military affairs, and he received a traditional Islamic education. He was also trained in the art of warfare and leadership by his uncle, Shirkuh, who was a successful military commander and a trusted advisor to the Fatimid Caliphate in Egypt.

In 1169, Shirkuh was sent by the Fatimid Caliph to lead a campaign against the Crusaders in Palestine, and he took Saladin with him as his second-in-command. This was Saladin’s first experience of military warfare, and it proved to be a formative experience that would shape his future career.

Rise to Power

In 1171, the Fatimid Caliphate in Egypt was overthrown by the Ayyubid dynasty, which was led by Saladin’s brother, Shirkuh. Saladin accompanied his brother to Egypt, and he was appointed as the governor of Upper Egypt. Over the next few years, Saladin proved himself to be a capable and effective administrator, and he gained a reputation for his piety, honesty, and justice.

In 1174, Shirkuh died, and Saladin succeeded him as the ruler of Egypt. Saladin was now in a position of great power and influence, and he used his position to expand his authority and influence throughout the region. He also began to build up his military forces, which he would need in the years ahead to defend against the Crusaders.

In 1187, Saladin launched a campaign to retake Jerusalem from the Crusaders. After a series of battles, he succeeded in capturing the city, and he allowed the Christian population to leave unharmed. This was a significant victory for Saladin, and it cemented his reputation as a skilled military commander and a champion of Islam.


Saladin is widely regarded as a hero and a symbol of Islamic unity and strength, particularly in the Arab world. His name is synonymous with chivalry, honor, and courage, and he is revered by Muslims around the world as a paragon of virtue and piety.

Saladin’s military campaigns against the Crusaders were an important turning point in the history of the region, and they helped to establish a new era of Muslim dominance and influence. His victory at the Battle of Hattin in 1187 was a particularly significant event, as it led to the recapture of Jerusalem and the establishment of a new Muslim dynasty in the region.

Saladin’s legacy also extends to his leadership and governance of the Ayyubid dynasty. During his time in power, he implemented a series of reforms and policies that were aimed at promoting justice, equality, and prosperity for all. He also made significant contributions to the fields of science, literature, and architecture, and his patronage of the arts helped to create a vibrant cultural scene in the region.


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