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Why Pakistan And India Always Stang Against Each Other

The relationship between India and Pakistan has been tumultuous and fraught with tension since the two countries were created in 1947. The partition of India led to the creation of Pakistan, which was intended to be a homeland for Muslims in the region. However, the partition was a bloody and traumatic event, with millions of people displaced and hundreds of thousands killed. Since then, the two countries have fought several wars and engaged in numerous border skirmishes, with tensions remaining high to this day.

The most significant conflict between India and Pakistan was the war of 1971. This war was fought over the independence of East Pakistan, which is now known as Bangladesh. The war lasted for just 13 days, but it was a brutal and intense conflict that left thousands of people dead and many more displaced.

The Causes of the War

The war of 1971 was caused by a number of factors, including political tensions between the two countries, economic disparities, and religious differences. India and Pakistan had been engaged in a long-standing dispute over the state of Jammu and Kashmir, which both countries claimed as their own. This dispute had led to several conflicts between the two countries, including the first India-Pakistan War in 1947-1948.

In addition to the Kashmir dispute, there were other political tensions between the two countries. The government of West Pakistan, which was dominated by Punjabi elites, was seen as being insensitive to the needs of the Bengali people in East Pakistan. The Bengalis were unhappy with the lack of political representation and economic opportunities, and they felt that they were being discriminated against by the government in West Pakistan.

Economic disparities were also a major factor in the conflict. East Pakistan was the more populous of the two regions, but it was also the poorer one. The government in West Pakistan was seen as neglecting the needs of the East, and this led to resentment and anger among the Bengali people.

Religious differences were also a factor in the conflict. Pakistan was created as a homeland for Muslims, while India was a secular country with a Hindu majority. This led to tensions between the two countries, with each accusing the other of discrimination and mistreatment of religious minorities.

The Outbreak of War

The war of 1971 began on December 3, when the Pakistani Air Force launched a surprise attack on Indian airfields in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Indian Air Force responded by launching a counter-attack, and the two air forces engaged in a fierce battle over the skies of Jammu and Kashmir.

On December 4, the Indian Army launched a ground offensive into East Pakistan. The initial Indian offensive was aimed at capturing the major cities and towns of East Pakistan, including the capital, Dhaka. The Indian Army encountered stiff resistance from the Pakistani Army, which was better trained and equipped than the Indian Army.

Despite the initial setbacks, the Indian Army continued its offensive, and by December 16, it had captured the city of Dhaka. The Pakistani Army surrendered, and the war officially ended on December 17.

The Outcome of the War

The war of 1971 was a decisive victory for India. It was the first time that India had won a war against Pakistan, and it was a significant blow to the Pakistani military and political establishment.

The war led to the creation of Bangladesh, which became an independent country on December 16, 1971. The creation of Bangladesh was a major milestone in the history of South Asia, as it marked the first time that a Muslim-majority state had seceded from a Muslim-majority state.

The war also had a profound impact on the politics of Pakistan. The defeat led to the resignation of the Pakistani military ruler, General Yahya Khan, and the establishment of a civilian government.


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